Basic Terminologies used in the Report
Define basic terminologies related to disasters like hazard, disaster, vulnerability, capacity, resilience, PRA etc.
Disaster Impact Assessment
In this section discuss the geographic characteristics of the region or other features which make the area prone to disasters. For instance the area may be at the junction of several tectonic plates making it prone to earthquakes or it might be near to a sea or ocean which will result in the area being prone to sea hazards like tsunami, cyclones, coastal floods etc.
Now list down the types of disasters that can occur in the area such as earthquake, floods, tsunamis, land sliding, cyclone, terrorism etc. In addition, discuss the frequency, magnitude, extent and causes of the hazards. To evaluate the degree of risk and the characteristics and scale of possible loss from extreme natural events, it is necessary not only to estimate the probability of occurrence but also to investigate the force and duration of the event.
For each disaster, discuss in detail the impact on people, houses, infrastructure, crops, livestock (physical impact), social interaction of the people (social impact), business activities (economic impact), behavior, attitude and perceptions of the people (attitudinal impact). Include details about the level of the impact, magnitude of the losses and relevant statistics to support your argument. You can also include the preventive, mitigative and preparedness measures taken by the community or other stakeholders to minimize the impact of the disaster e.g. the construction of retaining walls to avoid land sliding, or diversion of channels to reduce overflow of water or the afforestation efforts of the community or even the capacity building and knowledge increasing trainings of the community.
Problem Areas in Disaster Impact Assessment
This section provides insights into different challenges faced by the research study team during this disaster impact assessment. The challenges can range from the shortage of resources to the difficulty in accessing the area/community.
Include here a list of all the steps required to reduce the future impact of the disasters on the understudy area. Furthermore, the measures required to overcome the challenges faced in the DIA study can also be listed.
This section provides a summary of the whole study including details about the disasters in the area, their causes, impacts on the lives of the people, responsible institutions, challenges in the study of the locality and the areas of improvement.
List down the names of the books, journals, research papers and their authors that you might have studied for compiling this report. Include URLs of articles on the web and their author or the website name that have been the source of data for this research study.