Significance of CBDRM

Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)


A process of disaster risk management in which at risk communities are actively engaged in identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities. CBDRM stands for Community-Based Disaster Risk Management. It is an approach to disaster management that places local communities at the center of efforts to reduce disaster risks and enhance resilience.

Significance of Community Based Disaster Risk Management

Here are some key significances of CBDRM:

Local Ownership and Empowerment:

CBDRM recognizes the importance of involving local communities in disaster risk management processes. It empowers communities to take ownership of their own resilience by actively participating in decision-making, planning, and implementation of risk reduction measures. This leads to increased community engagement, awareness, and resilience.

Contextual Understanding:

CBDRM acknowledges that communities have unique characteristics, vulnerabilities, and capacities. It emphasizes understanding the local context, including social, cultural, economic, and environmental factors, to develop tailored and effective risk reduction strategies. This ensures that interventions are relevant, appropriate, and sustainable.

Early Warning and Response:

CBDRM promotes the establishment of early warning systems at the community level. This enables timely and localized alerts, enhancing the community's ability to respond promptly to imminent hazards. By involving community members in monitoring and response efforts, CBDRM improves the effectiveness and efficiency of early warning systems.

Local Knowledge and Resources:

CBDRM recognizes the value of local knowledge and resources. Communities possess valuable traditional and indigenous knowledge about their environment, hazards, and coping mechanisms. CBDRM seeks to integrate this knowledge into risk assessment, planning, and response efforts. It also encourages utilizing local resources and capacities to enhance resilience, leading to sustainable solutions.

Building Social Cohesion:

CBDRM fosters social cohesion and community solidarity. Through participatory processes and collaborative decision-making, it strengthens social networks, trust, and cooperation within communities. This enables them to effectively work together during emergencies, share resources, and support vulnerable members of the community.


CBDRM can be a cost-effective approach to disaster risk management. By leveraging local resources, knowledge, and capacities, it optimizes the use of available resources. It reduces dependency on external assistance and enables communities to implement context-specific risk reduction measures within their means.

Sustainable Development Integration:

CBDRM recognizes the interlinkages between disaster risk reduction and sustainable development. It seeks to integrate risk reduction measures into development planning processes, such as land-use planning, infrastructure development, and livelihood initiatives. This integration ensures that resilience-building efforts are aligned with long-term development goals, promoting sustainable and resilient communities.


The ultimate significance of CBDRM lies in its ability to build resilience at the community level. By involving communities in all stages of disaster risk management, it enhances their capacity to anticipate, cope with, and recover from disasters. CBDRM fosters a culture of preparedness, proactive risk reduction, and adaptive responses, leading to more resilient communities.

Overall, CBDRM plays a crucial role in empowering communities, integrating local knowledge and resources, and building resilience from the ground up. It contributes to more effective and sustainable disaster risk management, reducing the impact of disasters and promoting the well-being of communities.


  1. It is the people in the community that suffer the most, so they deserve to be made a part of Disaster Risk Management activities.
  2. People are the frontline responders in the wake of a disaster, so they must be aware of the problems they can face, the best practices in the field and other issues.
  3. Community based activities are cost-effective.
  4. CBDRM is a sustainable process and can be easily continued with very less resources by the community itself.
  5. The information they collect comes from the first hand so is effective, accurate and precise.
  6. CBDRM approach creates a meeting of bottom-up and top-bottom approaches for an integrated and responsive disaster management system.
  7. CBDRM ensures the prioritization of issues according to the needs and demands of the people.
  8. It is an inclusive decision making process.